Japanese woodblock prints, ukiyo-e, especially fascinated Western audiences. Their crisp colors and unique compositions felt effortless (though holy hell, they were not) and many artists, including the Impressionists and poster-artists of the late nineteenth century, were inspired by elements and incorporated them in their own art. However, some artists went further... and farther.
After identifying Judith you might ask, okay so how do you know if it's Salome? It's a little easier. But unlike Judith Salome is a pawn. But from famous paintings, you might not think so. This is a bit of a defence of Salome. Yes, she probably shouldn't be asking for the heads of holy people, but let us look at the source text before coming to conclusions.
What does it mean? Where is it from? And why the heck is it everywhere in 1500s art?
How to pose for your next 16th century painting